In view of growing insurgency in Tripura during 1980s, the State Govt. realized that a force on the pattern of Central Para Military Force (CPMF) was required to be raised to meet the challenge. Subsequently Tripura Legislative Assembly passed Tripura State Rifles Act. 1983. Based on that Act the 1st Bn TSR came into existence on 12th March 1984. This was followed by raising of other battalions. Presently there are 12 (twelve) battalions of TSR in the State out of which 9 Bns (5th to 13th) are India Reserve (IR) Battalion.
For details of raising of different battalions click here. (link is external)
AIMS & OBJECTIVES
Counter Insurgency operations in the State.
Assisting the civil police in maintaining Law & Order.
Assisting the civil administration in relief and rescue work , during
Providing security in trouble prone areas by establishing protective
Security of VIPs/ Vital installations etc.
Performance of escort duties etc.
Protect the life and property in the event of any disturbance therein.
Other tasks assigned from time to time.
CAMPS MANNED BY TSR BATTALIONS
TSR Battalions are maintaining considerable number of camps in the interior parts of Tripura and performing CI Ops, ROPs, Protection / Security, Special Ops duties etc in the state.
NUMBER OF EXISTING CAMPS (DISTRICT WISE) AS OF NOW IS AS BELOW:
West District - 46
Gomati District - 19
Sepahijala District – 10
Khowai District - 35
South District - 03
North District - 17
Dhalai District – 50
Unokoti District - 05
Total = 185
ROLE WISE BREAK UP OF CAMPS IS AS FOLLOWS:
(i) Counter insurgency operations camps -130
(ii) Protective / Security / LO – 37
(iii) Railway duty – 14
(iv) Escort duty – 01
(v) ROP – 03
Total = 185
These camps include 22 camps of ONGC installation for which one TSR Battalion (10th BN) is engaged. Security duties are also provided to GAIL, Jubilant Gas Co, Shiv Vani Oil Co.etc in addition, according to requisition from time to time. TSR troops are also engaged for Law and Order duties and when required.
OPERATIONAL ASPECTS (BROAD FORM OF CI STRATEGIES
The role of TSR in co-ordination with other CPMFs and various Govt. policies in combating and controlling insurgency in Tripura may be cited as an example. Important aspects of counter insurgency strategies are given below:-
TSR is deployed mainly in the interior areas where maximum extremist movements were noticed.
The deployment of TSR in interior areas and regular operations launched by TSR considerably reduced the movement and hence extortion of money by the extremists has also been reduced. This also worked against consolidation of control by the extremist who were not that much able to frequent their area of influence.
There was tactical change in the TSR mode of operation, Special Operation Group (SOG) was formed in different battalions to conduct anti-insurgency operation in interior areas.
Click here for Operational Achievements in terms of Success (link is external)
The 9 (nine) IR Battalions raised for the State of Tripura were utilized for deployment outside the State of Tripura for covering security of the Common wealth Games 2010 held in New Delhi. The IR Battalions of State of Tripura were also utilized for covering extensive security in connection with parliamentary and Assembly elections through phases and years. The force was deployed in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bihar, Nagaland, Manipur, Chattisgarh and Mizoram to cover elections when required by the MHA, Government of India. In every case, the IR Battalions deployment outside the State, minimum 5 (five) to 10 (ten) companies were deployed to cover adequate security as per organizational strength and to cover adequate reinforcement. Therefore, besides covering the vulnerable locations to fight insurgency in the State of Tripura, IR Battalions also cover national level security when called for. They are also fully committed to performance of 24 X 7 law and order duties throughout the State of Tripura for maintenance of peace and order in the State in addition to commitments to general and state body elections and statewide programmes. As such, IR Bns sanctioned for the State of Tripura are being utilized to their optimum level as most effective armed force for the State of Tripura committed to cover the security at the national level in addition to curtailing insurgency in Tripura and maintenance of peace and order in the State.
ESTABLISHMENT OF COUNTER INSURGENCY & ANTI TERRORIST (CIAT) SCHOOL IN TRIPURA:
BPR & D, MHA, Govt. of India has decided for establishment of Counter Insurgency & Anti Terrorist (CIAT) School in the State of Tripura. MHA has already issued necessary guidelines intimating commitment of necessary funds for establishment of State CIAT School in the State of Tripura under MHA sponsorship. As per BPR & D guidelines, each CIAT School will be provided 06 Subedars and 12 Havildars as Training Instructors. Each State will be provided one Colonel / Lt. Colonel to closely supervise this training. The School imparts training in CI Ops and Jungle Warfare Tactics not only to TSR personnel but also to CPMFs like CRPF, RPF and RPSF etc. Till date total 3500 trainees from different organizations have undergone training at this school since its establishment.
Going by its track records in successful counter insurgency operation and in upholding human rights, TSR is a force the state can be proud of.
Counter Insurgency & Anti Terrorist School, Kachucherra, Dhalai, Tripura